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USF Libraries Exhibits

Nanking Massacre


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  • Chan, M. (2009). A Nanking winter. Toronto: Playwrights Canada Press.
  • Chang, I. (1997). The rape of Nanking: The forgotten holocaust of World War II. New York, NY: BasicBooks.
  • Fogel, J. A. (2000). The Nanjing Massacre in history and historiography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Wakabayashi, B. (2000). The Nanking 100-man killing contest debate: war guilt amid fabricated illusions, 1971-75. Journal Of Japanese Studies, 26(2), 307-340.
  • Wakabayashi, B. T. (2007). The Nanking atrocity, 1937-38: Complicating the picture. New York: Berghahn Books.
  • Yamamoto, M. (2000). Nanking: Anatomy of an atrocity. Westport, Conn: Praeger.
  • Yoshida, T. (2006). The making of the" Rape of Nanking": history and memory in Japan, China, and the United States. Oxford University Press, USA.
  • Zhang, K. (2001). Eyewitnesses to massacre: American missionaries bear witness to Japanese atrocities in Nanjing. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.


  • Askew, D. (2002). The Nanjing Incident: Recent Research and Trends. electronic journal of contemporary japanese studies.
  • Barnard, C. (2001). Isolating Knowledge of the Unpleasant: the Rape of Nanking in Japanese high-school textbooks. British journal of sociology of education, 22(4), 519-530.
  • Bong, S. H. (2005). Compensation for Victims of Wartime Atrocities: Recent Developments in Japan's Case Law. J. Int'l Crim. Just., 3, 187.
  • Brook, T. (2001). The Tokyo Judgment and the Rape of Nanking. JOURNAL OF ASIAN STUDIES-ANN ARBOR-, 60(3), 673-700.
  • Heit, S. (2009). Waging sexual warfare: Case studies of rape warfare used by the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II. Women's Studies International Forum, 32(5), 363-370.
  • Penney, M. (2008). Far from Oblivion: The Nanking Massacre in Japanese Historical Writing for Children and Young Adults. Holocaust and genocide studies, 22(1), 25-48.
  • Seo, J. (2008). Politics of memory in Korea and China: Remembering the comfort women and the Nanjing massacre. New Political Science, 30(3), 369-392.
  • Wang, Z. (2009). Old wounds, new narratives: Joint history textbook writing and peacebuilding in East Asia. History and Memory, 20(1).
  • Yang, H. (1997). Revisiting the issue of Korean “military comfort women”: the question of truth and positionality. positions, 5(1), 51-72.



BBC: China Country Profile

CIA World Factbook: China

George Washington University: The Memory and Reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific Project

Harry S. Truman Presidential Library: Indictment from the International Military Tribunal for the Far East

Library of Congress: Maps of China

National Archives and Records Administration: Japanese War Crimes

1937 Nanking Massacre: The Rape of Nanking or Nanjing Massaxre (1937)